The mission of CSWMD’s science and technology function is to explore the implications of advances in science and technology for applications having the potential for mass destruction, mass effect, or equivalently high impact to U.S. national security and defense.


Our Approach

The center’s two-part approach to S&T focuses on both analysis of emerging scientific and technological trends with high defense significance, and on how and whether existing governance models (including prevention, promotion, management, and response) can adequately address resulting security opportunities, concerns, and risks.

Our outcomes-based research tools include bibliometrics and other analyses, workshops, tabletops, and expert consultations to produce a variety of decision products and learning tools for use by policy makers and operators across DOD and the broader interagency.


Recent Publications

Nature Communications, Volume 11

Nature Communications, Volume 11 | Dec. 9, 2020

The biosecurity benefits of genetic engineering attribution

Gerald L. Epstein et al.

In a recent volume of Nature Communications, Dr. Gerald Epstein and colleagues examine the biosecurity benefits of genetic engineering attribution. This paper is a policy companion piece to a technical paper, published in the same issue, announcing new results in using machine learning to recognize the source of a genetically engineered DNA.



The Brookings Institution | Dec. 1, 2020

The rise of the futurists: The perils of predicting with futurethink

Alexander H. Montgomery and Amy J. Nelson

In this paper, Dr. Alexander H. Montgomery and Dr. Amy J. Nelson explore probabilistic and possibilistic approaches to uncertainty related to AI, outline their potential advantages and disadvantages, and identify common biases that hinder good prediction.


JFQ 99

Joint Force Quarterly 99 | Nov. 19, 2020

Social Media Weaponization: The Biohazard of Russian Disinformation Campaigns

Sarah Jacobs Gamberini

In the latest edition of Joint Force Quarterly, Ms. Sarah Jacobs Gamberini describes the methods and goals of Russia’s influence operations, assesses the implications for targeting matters of public health, and provides whole-of-society recommendations for countering its influence.



CSWMD Workshop Summary, Analysis, and Recommendations | Nov. 10, 2020

Security Implications of Emerging Biotechnologies

Diane DiEuliis and Charles Lutes

On April 26th, 2016, the Center for the Study of Weapons of Mass Destruction (CSWMD) at National Defense University held a workshop to explore “Security Implications of Emerging Biotechnologies.” Participants from government, NGOs and academia discussed opportunities and challenges of a new era of biotechnology.


Strategic Assessment 2020

NDU Press | Nov. 4, 2020

Strategic Assessment 2020: Into a New Era of Great Power Competition

Thomas F. Lynch III

The complete "Strategic Assessment 2020: Into a New Era of Great Power Competition" includes selections from researchers in the Institute for National Strategic Studies (INSS) and the WMD Center. To read the work of Paul Bernstein, Justin Anderson, Diane DiEuliis, Gerald Epstein, and Amanda Moodie, navigate to pages 105 and 169 or view our publications page.


Research Team

Diane DiEuliis
Assistant Director and Senior Fellow

Gerald Epstein
Distinguished Fellow